Romans 13

Before Reading.

  • Centering prayer— Pray for illumination, “Lord, open my heart and mind by the power of the Holy Spirit,” and remain in silence.


  • Read slowly, keeping any words or phrase that come to your mind, and mark on them.
  • Close eyes and meditate on what you read.
  • Take a note if you have question, inspiration.

Read   Romans 13  


The life of the righteous (1)

Relationship between Christians and the state — Apostle Paul’s teaching on the relationship between Christians and the state, –his political overtones–needs to be interpreted with contextual, historical, and comprehensive biblical understanding. It is not a call to uncritical obedience or blind submission to government authority, like it is practiced in theocratic society. Challenging power and authority when it opposed God, God’s justice, love, and mercy, is part of biblical tradition such as Prophets in the Old Testament. Apostle Paul’s point is narrowed to paying taxes or revenue to the state, Christian civil duty, and to treat those who are in the position of authority with respect, and honor, Christian virtue.

Love as Christians’ only debt —- Love is the fulfillment of the law, the law of Moses. Therefore, by loving God and loving our neighbors we are fulfilling the requirement of the law.

Overview of life in Christ — With rich images and instruction in verses 11-14, Apostle Paul describe the life of Christian believers as living in eschatology (end of time), living like each day is last day by getting ready and be alert spiritually, armed with light, behaving appropriately and Christ-like practices.

After Reading —- Reflection and prayer.

  • Reflect on this question, “What does God speak to me today in this chapter?
  • Pray that God’s word today be the way, the life, and the truth to you.
  • Live it out through the day.

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