Matthew 5

Before Reading.

  • Centering prayer— Pray for illumination, “Lord, open my heart and mind by the power of the Holy Spirit,” and remain in silence.


  • Read slowly, keeping any words or phrase that come to your mind, and mark on them.
  • Close eyes and meditate on what you read.
  • Take a note if you have question, inspiration.   

Read Matthew 5

Sermon on the Mount.

Matthew locates Jesus’ sermon on the Mount after his first public ministry. The sermon on the Mount in three chapters point to the new life living in the kingdom of heaven, with new value, compassion, justice, and mercy.  

The Beatitudes (1-12) — It proclaims God’s favor toward those who live by the Kingdom of Heaven. “Blessed,” is Makários in Greek, meaning “sheer joy.”  Living under the rule of the kingdom of heaven brings joy in life. This value is different from the value of the world.

The witness of the disciples (13-16) — “Salt,” and “Light” are two symbols for disciples of Jesus Christ to impact the life of people in the world. “You are the salt,” “you are the light,” are present tense indicating the reflection of Jesus Christ upon them to be salty and to shine. Their witnesses come from their personal and loving relationship with Jesus Christ.

The relation of Jesus to the Law (17-20) — Jesus teaches the importance of Jewish law. He is not against the law nor abolish it. Rather he shows how it is to be interpreted, and in this way fulfills it. The law indicates Old Testament law, Torah, the first five books of the Old Testament.

Illustrations of the true understanding of the law (21-48) — Jesus illustrates six laws in Torah, using repeated phrase, “You have heard.” By quoting a conventional interpretation of a law Jesus interprets each of them, showing how each law is to be fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.

 After Reading —- Reflection and prayer.

  • Reflect on this question, “What does God speak to me today in this chapter?
  • Pray that God’s word today be the way, the life, and the truth to you.
  • Live it out through the day.

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