Daniel 8

Before Reading.

  • Centering prayer— Pray for illumination, “Lord, open my heart and mind by the power of the Holy Spirit,” and remain in silence.


  • Read slowly, keeping any words or phrase that come to your mind, and mark on them.
  • Close eyes and meditate on what you read.
  • Take a note if you have question, inspiration.   

Read Daniel 8


The vision of the ram and the he-goat.

This vision is dated two years later than the previous one in chapter 7:1, which was the vision of four beasts. Susa was the winter capital of the Persian King. In his vision, Daniel describes details of specific place. Verses 1-14 describes the contents of his vision, and verses 15-27 interpret the vision.

Chapter eight refers to recent historical events. The two horned ram is the Medo-Persian Empire, becoming invincible. The he-goat from the west is Alexander the Great in Greek empire, who overthrew the Persian empire.

Four horns refer to divided Greek empire, the four conspicuous leaders, Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy.  Small horn in verse 9-14 refers to Antiochus Epiphanes from Seleucus who conquered Palestine in 167 BC and violated the sanctuary and prohibited worship there for about 2300 evenings and mornings, which means for one thousand, one hundred and fifty days, three and a half years. The sanctuary in Jerusalem was restored on December 14th, 164 BC.

Gabriel is angelic announcer telling what these vision is about. A stern faced king refers to Antiochus who was ruthless and notorious who persecuted the saints. The Prince of princes is God who will break Antiochus.

Since this vision is pictured in Susa, a Persian capital city in 552 BC, and the vision refers to historical events in 164 BC, it concerns the distant future (v.26). and the account is to be preserved for that future time, and Daniel does not understand these future events (v.27).

1. What does this passage tell you about God?

2. What does this passage tell you about people.?

3. What does this passage tell you about yourself and God’s will for you?  

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